Hanging Man Candlestick Patterns: How to Interpret

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The Hanging Man candlestick formation, as one could predict from the name, is viewed as a bearish sign. This pattern occurs mainly at the top of uptrends and can act as a warning of a potential reversal downward.

It is important to emphasize that the Hanging Man pattern is a warning of potential price change, not a signal, in and of itself, to go short.

hanging man candlestick chart pattern

The Hanging Man formation, just like the Hammer, is created when the open, high, and close are roughly the same price. Also, there is a long lower shadow, which should be at least twice the length of the real body.

When the high and the open are the same, a bearish Hanging Man candlestick is formed and it is considered a stronger bearish sign than when the high and close are the same, forming a bullish Hanging Man (the bullish Hanging Man is still bearish, just less so because the day closed with gains).

After a long uptrend, the formation of a Hanging Man is bearish because prices hesitated by dropping significantly during the day. Granted, buyers came back into the stock, future, or currency and pushed price back near the open, but the fact that prices were able to fall significantly shows that bears are testing the resolve of the bulls.

What happens on the next day after the Hanging Man pattern is what gives traders an idea as to whether or not prices will go higher or lower.

Hanging Man Candlestick Chart Example

The chart below of Alcoa (AA) stock illustrates a Hanging Man, and the large red bearish candle after the Hanging Man strengthens the bears thinking that a downward reversal is coming:

hanging man candlestick pattern is a sign of potential reversal

In the chart above of Alcoa, the market began the day testing to find where demand would enter the market. Alcoa’s stock price eventually found support at the low of the day. The bears’ excursion downward was halted and prices ended the day slightly above the close.

Confirmation that the uptrend was in trouble occured when Alcoa gapped down the next day and continued downward creating a large bearish red candle. To some traders, this confirmation candle, plus the fact that the upward trendline support was broken, gave a potential signal to go short.

It is important to repeat, that the Hanging Man formation is not the sign to potentially go short; other indicators such as a trendline break or confirmation candle should be used to determine sell signals.

The bullish version of the Hanging Man is the Hammer formation (see: Hammer) that occurs after downtrends.

How to Get Started Trading Today

If you are interested in trading using technical analysis, have a look at our reviews of these regulated brokers to learn which charting tools they offer:

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Further Reading

Learn more about technical analysis charting concepts and strategies including Momentum, Volatility, Time Series Forecast, Typical Price Moving AverageStandard Error Bands, Market Thrust, and Average Directional Movement.

If you’d like a primer on how to trade commodities in general, please see our introduction to commodity trading.

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