In this economic summary, we discuss Iran’s global economic position as a nation by GDP and the country’s trade balance.
Read on to find out about Iran’s five most imported commodities, five most exported commodities, and some interesting facts about Iran.
Alongside the economic overview, we’ve included some additional resources on different ways to trade.
Economic Overview Of Iran
The country is currently ranked as the 48th largest product export economy in the world.
The country has a positive trade balance of $12.2 billion after deducting annual imports of $50.4 billion from its export total of $62.6 billion.
During the last decade, Iran’s economy saw a 31.9% decline in total export value from $91.8 billion.
Iran’s GDP was $1.17 trillion in 2017, with a GDP per capita of $14,536 at an annual growth rate of 3.755%.
Iran’s Most Exported Commodities
These are Iran’s most exported raw commodities:
|Crude petroleum||$43 billion|
|Refined petroleum||$1.42 billion|
|Petroleum gas||$1.16 billion|
|Iron Ore||$942 million|
|Copper Ore||$463 million|
Iran’s Other Notable Exports
- Ethylene Polymers – $2.66 billion
- Acrylic Alcohols – $1.65 billion
- Semi-Finished Iron – $1.65 billion
- Miscellaneous Nuts – $597 million
- Nitrogenous Fertilizers – $496 million
Top export destinations for Iran are China ($18.9 billion), India ($13.4 billion), the UAE ($7.73 billion), South Korea ($3.64 billion), and Italy ($3.14 billion).
Iran’s Most Imported Commodities
Here are Iran’s most imported commodities with China also being the top country of origin at a 27.8% market share.
|Rolled Tobacco||$732 million|
|Soybean Meal||$654 million|
Iran’s Other Notable Imports
- Cars – $3.47 billion
- Vehicle Parts – $1.34 billion
- Packaged Medicaments – $682 million
- Synthetic Filament Yarn Woven Fabric – $659 million
- Iron Pipes – $649 million
More Information on Iran’s Imports/Exports
Iran isn’t the largest export-import force to reckon with, but the country’s trade does contribute significantly to the global economy.
Iran’s most significant export is crude petroleum and it represents 68.6% of the country’s annual shipments.
Annual crude petroleum shipments total $678 billion as the world’s 2nd largest exported commodity. Iran is the seventh-largest exporting country with a 3.99% market share.
Political unrest and economic sanctions are a strong influential factor when it comes to Iran’s export performance.
The global export market for peat is worth $1.93 billion per year and Iran is responsible for 15.9% of the total exports.
Peat production peaked in Iran in 2004 at 8,000 metric tons.
Annual global exports of iron ore are $142 billion and Iran was the tenth biggest exporter with a 1.42% market share five years ago. Now Iran is eight with a smaller market share of 0.99%.
The value of worldwide iron ore exports has fallen by 32.4% in the last five years. Australia (50.5%) and Brazil (21.5%) lead ahead of South Africa (4.94%) and Canada (4.41%).
The export of semi-finished iron accounts for 2.64% of Iran’s total annual exports. Iran has a 5.03% market share of the world total of $32.8 billion.
Iranian iron product exports to Europe have increased as a result of some sanctions being lifted — Iran agreed to curb its nuclear program, making it one of the largest suppliers in the region.
The global copper ore export market is worth $64.2 billion each year and Iran has a 0.72% share of that market, which is led by Chile (29.1%) and Peru (20.3%).
In 2013, Iran’s global share was only 0.24%, which rose to 0.57% by 2015.
A Few Interesting Facts About Iran
- Almost half of Iran has an arid desert climate, receiving less than four inches of rain each year.
- There is only one river in Iran that can be navigated by boat.
- About 70% of Iran’s population is under the age of thirty.
- Iran has one of the only condom factories located in the Middle East.
All figures based on 2018 OEC and GlobalEdge.msu.edu trade data unless stated otherwise.
Commodity Brokers: Where Can I Start Trading?
If you want to explore which of Iran’s most traded commodities you can find with an online broker, see our list of regulated brokers available in .
CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74%-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Further Reading & Resources
Trader’s looking to research how to trade some of Iran’s most traded commodities can read our guides on CFDs, options, stock brokers, and bullion dealers.
Learn more about the types of commodities and their history in these guides:
- Agricultural Commodities
- Precious Metals
- Energy Commodities
- Example commodities: Crude oil, ethanol, natural gas, and more.