States With the Most Expensive Natural Gas Prices

Last Updated:
Disclosure: Your support helps keep Commodity.com running! We earn a referral fee for some brokers & services we list on this page. Learn more...

With winter and cold weather upon us, many consumers will be bearing the burden of increased costs for heating sources like natural gas this year.

New data released from the Bureau of Labor Statistics in early December showed a continued rise in inflation, with consumer prices in November rising 6.8% over the prior year. One of the main categories driving inflation overall has been energy, where prices now are up a total of 33.3% over their 2020 levels.

While the rate of growth month-to-month has slowed, the cost of utility gas service was 25.1% higher in November than it was one year ago. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased volatility in both demand and supply for energy, and with supply currently lagging behind demand, consumers are facing higher prices as a result.

Recent spikes in natural gas pricing run in contrast to a decline in residential prices seen over the last decade. The rise of new techniques like hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling in the early-to-mid 2000s made natural gas easier to extract, which has generally contributed to a trend of lower prices on average.

In dollars per million BTU, the cost of natural gas in the U.S. has generally held steady between $10 and $15 since the last recession. In the summer of 2021, however, prices rose to around $20 per million BTU.

residential natural gas prices

The affordability of natural gas compared to other energy sources has made natural gas a key part of the U.S. energy mix in recent years. This has had some environmental benefits as well, allowing for a transition away from cheap but heavy-emitting fossil fuels like coal.

But environmentalists concerned about greenhouse gas emissions have argued that natural gas should also be deemphasized in favor of renewable energy sources, and some municipalities—like New York City—have passed restrictions on natural gas in new construction to speed this transition.

States with economies more dependent on energy extraction have responded by banning local governments from considering similar moves.

But if higher prices persist, economics may help speed a transition away from natural gas regardless of any policy choices that state and local governments make.

There already is a strong inverse relationship between natural gas prices and consumption. In parts of the U.S. where natural gas prices are high, including the South and Northeast, per capita, natural gas consumption tends to be much lower.

The currently elevated prices for natural gas could lead utilities and consumers to push for greater energy efficiency and more affordable energy sources, especially in those locations where natural gas is already more expensive.

natural gas prices and consumption

DID YOU KNOW?
The Plus500 web trader gives traders access to several account features on a single screen, including trade execution, pricing information, charting, open/closed positions, and fund and balance information. Learn more in our complete Plus500 review.


To identify the states with the most expensive natural gas prices, researchers at Commodity.com calculated the average residential natural gas price, expressed in dollars per million BTU.

The data used in this analysis is from the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s State Energy Data System (SEDS) and the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. In the event of a tie, the state with the higher annual natural gas consumption per capita was ranked higher.

All statistics shown are for the year 2020, the most recent full year of data available.

Here are the states with the most expensive natural gas prices.

States With the Most Expensive Natural Gas Prices

maryland
Photo Credit: ESB Professional / Shutterstock

15. Maryland

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $12.60
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 13.23
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $167
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 80,133,138
Arizona
Photo Credit: Mark Skalny / Shutterstock

14. Arizona

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $12.63
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 5.80
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $73
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 43,051,055

TRENDING
Are you interested in trading commodities? Here are our recommended online commodity brokers.


Vermont
Photo Credit: Sean Pavone / Shutterstock

13. Vermont

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $12.74
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 6.33
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $81
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 3,948,896
North Carolina
Photo Credit: Sean Pavone / Shutterstock

12. North Carolina

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $12.76
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 6.27
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $80
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 66,414,665
South Carolina
Photo Credit: f11photo / Shutterstock

11. South Carolina

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $13.01
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 5.79
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $75
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 30,188,107
California
Photo Credit: Matt Gush / Shutterstock

10. California

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $13.64
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 12.08
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $165
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 475,462,426
New Hampshire
Photo Credit: Jon Bilous / Shutterstock

9. New Hampshire

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $14.14
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 5.62
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $79
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 7,676,911
Connecticut
Photo Credit: Sean Pavone / Shutterstock

8. Connecticut

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $14.16
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 14.20
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $201
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 50,502,937
Massachusetts
Photo Credit: CO Leong / Shutterstock

7. Massachusetts

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $14.19
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 18.10
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $257
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 124,785,321
Maine
Photo Credit: Sean Pavone / Shutterstock

6. Maine

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $14.35
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 2.28
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $33
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 3,071,594
Rhode Island
Photo Credit: ESB Professional / Shutterstock

5. Rhode Island

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $14.52
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 17.93
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $260
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 18,954,286
Georgia
Photo Credit: Alamy Stock Photo

4. Georgia

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $14.90
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 11.60
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $173
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 124,266,821
Alabama
Photo Credit: Sean Pavone / Shutterstock

3. Alabama

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $15.44
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 5.94
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $92
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 29,220,586

RELATED
Contracts-for-difference (CFDs) are popular trading instruments that allow traders to speculate on the price movements of financial assets like gold or oil without having to own the underlying asset. Here’s more information on CFDs and CFD brokers.


florida
Photo Credit: CHARLES MORRA / Shutterstock

2. Florida

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $20.62
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 0.83
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $17
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 17,967,062
Hawaii
Photo Credit: Izabela23 / Shutterstock

1. Hawaii

  • Average residential natural gas price (dollars per million BTU): $36.40
  • Annual natural gas consumption per capita (million BTU): 0.44
  • Annual natural gas cost per capita: $16
  • Total residential natural gas consumption (million BTU): 625,311

RELATED
Despite Hawaii leading with the highest price, the state consumes the least amount of natural gas in the country with 0.1 million BTU per capita. Hawaii also ranks as the 8th most energy-efficient state.


Detailed Findings & Methodology

The data used in this analysis is from the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s State Energy Data System (SEDS) and the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

To determine the states with the most expensive natural gas prices, researchers calculated the average residential natural gas price, expressed in dollars per million BTU (MMBtu).

In the event of a tie, the state with the higher annual natural gas consumption per capita expressed in million BTU (MMBtu) was ranked higher. All data is for 2020, the most recent full year of data available.

Plus500 is not available in the US

Legitimate CFD brokers, like Plus500, cannot accept US clients by law

US traders welcome at these brokers:

Cryoptocurrencies:

  • Trade 14+ major crypto coins
  • Includes Bitcoin, Ethereum & Ripple
  • Super simple setup

Accepts traders in the USA

Start Trading at eToro

Forex, Gold & Silver:

  • Trade gold and silver
  • Trade over 90+ currencies
  • Major US broker

Accepts traders in the USA

Start Trading at Forex

No thanks