States Producing the Most Fruits & Vegetables

Last Updated:
Disclosure: Your support helps keep Commodity.com running! We earn a referral fee for some brokers & services we list on this page. Learn more...
fruits and vegetables
Photo Credit: Jasmine Sahin / Shutterstock

Many sectors of the economy have struggled during the COVID-19 pandemic, but one of the sectors that have faced the greatest challenges in the U.S. is also one of the most critical: agriculture.

The early days and weeks of the pandemic were difficult for many agricultural businesses as shutdowns created major disruptions for some of their primary customers. Much of the food-service industry shut down overnight in March 2020, drastically scaling back one of the primary sales markets for farmers.

In response, more agricultural producers shifted their focus to retail grocery and wholesalers. However, they paid a steep price in the form of lost products and new costs in labor and logistics to adapt to different distribution channels.

Since then, agriculture has faced many of the same supply chain and labor challenges currently plaguing the rest of the economy. Supply chain breakdowns have meant that farms have been struggling to obtain supplies and equipment that they need and that it has become more difficult to transport their products to customers.

Labor force participation remains below pre-pandemic levels, especially in low-wage occupations, which has contributed to a shortage of pickers and other agricultural workers. Because produce is perishable, these issues have caused millions of pounds of produce to go unharvested or spoil before reaching consumers.

These disruptions pose a problem for consumers, who may have less ability to access high-quality fresh food at a low price, but also for the economy at large. Fresh produce in the form of fruits, nuts, and vegetables represents nearly a quarter of the total production value of U.S. crops.

These products are also part of a larger value chain in the food industry that includes food processing plants, distributors, restaurants, and other food-service businesses, and grocery.

This means that challenges in growing, harvesting, and supplying fresh produce create additional struggles downstream for other closely related businesses.

fruit and vegetables US crops

These issues are also likely to affect what crops farms choose to grow and in what amounts. Because crops take time to raise, farmers essentially must make decisions in the present based on predictions about what the market might look like months in advance.

With continued uncertainty, agricultural producers may prefer to shift more of their focus to crops that have a higher value to improve their margins. In general, tree nuts and fruits tend to have higher production value than vegetables.

fruits and nuts economic value

The current state of the agricultural market also underscores the importance of domestic agricultural production. In recent years, the U.S. has been importing a large share of its fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables, with imports totaling more than $24 billion in 2019. But with ongoing supply chain challenges worldwide, production closer to home will be important in maintaining the supply of food.

These fruits and vegetables come from a relatively small number of states where agricultural production is highly concentrated. The leader among these states is California, which is responsible for nearly 70% of U.S. fruit and vegetable production by itself. California is joined by other Western states like Washington, Oregon, and Arizona among the leaders, along with highly agriculture-dependent states in the South and Midwest.


TRENDING
One way to determine the quality of a trading platform is to consider its ease of use and the trading tools provided. For example, are there charting features, technical analysis tools, or other educational resources? Here is a complete list of things to consider when choosing a commodity broker.


The data used in this analysis is from the USDA. All data is shown for the year 2019.

To identify the states producing the most fruits and vegetables, researchers at Commodity.com calculated the total production value of both fruit and nut crops as well as vegetable crops, measured in dollars.

Researchers also calculated what percentage of total U.S. fruit, nut, and vegetable production is accounted for by each state. Only states with available agricultural data from the USDA were included in the study.

Here are the states producing the most fruits and vegetables.

Fruit & Vegetable Production by U.S. State

Texas
Photo Credit: Joe Belanger / Shutterstock

10. Texas

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $348,246,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 0.82%
  • Total fruit production: $163,350,000
  • Total vegetable production: $184,896,000
New York
Photo Credit: redtbird02 / Shutterstock

9. New York

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $503,842,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 1.19%
  • Total fruit production: $276,937,000
  • Total vegetable production: $226,905,000
North Carolina
Photo Credit: samray / Shutterstock

8. North Carolina

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $560,492,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 1.32%
  • Total fruit production: $60,811,000
  • Total vegetable production: $499,681,000
Michigan
Photo Credit: Luis-Fernandez / Shutterstock

7. Michigan

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $578,847,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 1.37%
  • Total fruit production: $361,709,000
  • Total vegetable production: $217,138,000
Oregon
Photo Credit: Joshua Rainey Photography / Shutterstock

6. Oregon

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $650,912,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 1.54%
  • Total fruit production: $456,326,000
  • Total vegetable production: $194,586,000
Georgia
Photo Credit: Tonya Crawford / Shutterstock

5. Georgia

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $823,604,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 1.95%
  • Total fruit production: $308,074,000
  • Total vegetable production: $515,530,000

RELATED
More than 20 commodity CFDs are available to trade at Plus500, which may become available in the U.S. soon. These commodity CFDs include precious metals like gold, energy commodities like oil and gasoline, and agricultural commodities like wheat and coffee. Here’s our complete Plus500 review.


Arizona
Photo Credit: Charles T. Peden / Shutterstock

4. Arizona

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $1,825,539,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 4.31%
  • Total fruit production: $197,188,000
  • Total vegetable production: $1,628,351,000
Florida
Photo Credit: Aoshi VN / Shutterstock

3. Florida

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $2,759,462,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 6.52%
  • Total fruit production: $1,536,612,000
  • Total vegetable production: $1,222,850,000
Washington
Photo Credit: Edmund Lowe Photography / Shutterstock

2. Washington

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $3,396,600,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 8.02%
  • Total fruit production: $3,033,860,000
  • Total vegetable production: $362,740,000

DID YOU KNOW?
When a trader uses “leverage” to increase their CFD purchases, they are essentially borrowing the difference on margin from a CFD broker and must have enough equity in their brokerage account to cover a potential loss. Read more about CFD brokers in our detailed guide.


California
Photo Credit: Lukasz Szwaj / Shutterstock

1. California

  • Total fruit & vegetable production: $29,181,329,000
  • Share of U.S. total fruit & vegetable production: 68.94%
  • Total fruit production: $21,437,185,000
  • Total vegetable production: $7,744,144,000

Methodology & Detailed Findings

The data used in this analysis is from the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All data shown is for the year 2019, the most recent available covering both fruits and vegetables.

To identify the states producing the most fruits and vegetables, researchers calculated the total production value of both fruit and nut crops as well as vegetable crops, measured in dollars.

Researchers also calculated what percentage of total U.S. fruit, nut, and vegetable production is accounted for by each state. Only states with available agricultural data from the USDA were included in the study.

Plus500 is not available in the US

Legitimate CFD brokers, like Plus500, cannot accept US clients by law

US traders welcome at these brokers:

Cryoptocurrencies:

  • Trade 14+ major crypto coins
  • Includes Bitcoin, Ethereum & Ripple
  • Super simple setup

Accepts traders in the USA

Start Trading at eToro

Forex, Gold & Silver:

  • Trade gold and silver
  • Trade over 90+ currencies
  • Major US broker

Accepts traders in the USA

Start Trading at Forex

No thanks